What is ADHD

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
A group of symptoms that are usually present from an early age.  Most cases are diagnosed when children are 6 to 12 years old.
The main symptoms are inattentiveness, hyperactivity and impulsivity.

The symptoms may change and even improve with age, but can also continue into adulthood.

People with ADHD may have other problems such as anxiety, poor sleep or social and communication difficulties.

Main Symptoms -

 
  • inattentiveness (poor concentration, careless mistakes in school work, forgetful, losing things, reduced listening, disorganised)
  • hyperactivity (fidgety, can't settle, always on the move)
  • impulsiveness (impatient, can't wait their turn, speaking out in lessons, interrupting others, act without thinking, 

Symptoms must be present in more than one situation, such as at home and at school.

Without treatment and support ADHD can cause significant problems for a child and their family, It can impact on the young persons self esteem, their academic performance and friendships. 

How to get help

Talk to your child's teacher to raise your concerns.
Share your concerns with the school SENCO (special educational needs coordinator)
Ask you GP to refer you to your local CAMHS service

Request an appointment 

How is ADHD managed
First steps are to make sure appropriate educational support is in place. Teaching assistant time can help keep a young person on track in lessons and this may be something that school can provide.

‚ÄčAn EHCP (education health care plan) is something that school may decide to pursue as this can help provide additional support. 

ADHD can be treated using medication or therapy, but a combination of both is often best.

Getting better

Medication
There are two main types of medication used for young people.

Stimulants such as methylphenidate
Non stimulant (atomoxetine)

Medication can improve concentration and reduce impulsivity.

Therapy

Different therapies can be useful in treating ADHD.
Psychoeducation is helpful to teach you and your child about ADHD and what it means.

Behaviour therapy uses a system of rewards to encourage your child to try to control their ADHD. Praise and encouragement are given for small amounts of progress.

Social skills training may be useful, to help your child to learn how to manage different social situations.

Dr Sasha Hvidsten will see your child and make recommendations for the best way forward. She works closely with nursing, psychology, OT and SENCO colleagues.  
‚ÄčTogether they can help you receive the care that you need.

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